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EU voortgangsrapport voor gendergelijkheid 2013 is uit

36. EU voortgangsrapport voor gendergelijkheid 2013 is uit

Op 14/4/2014 verscheen het "Voortgangsrapport voor gendergelijkheid van de EU" voor 2013. Uit het rapport noteren wij als positief de goede studieresultaten en de groeiende werkgelegenheidsgraad van vrouwen. Maar een loon- en pensioenkloof plus een glazen plafond in ondernemingen en in de academische wereld blijven de trend. Vrouwen nemen ook nog steeds het leeuwenaandeel van het onbetaald en huishoudelijk werk voor hun rekening. Ook is geweld op vrouwen spijtig genoeg nog steeds een realiteit. Middelen die de EU in 2013 inzette om gendergelijkheid te bevorderen: monitoring, fondsen, sensibiliseringsacties en wetgeving.

Lees het Nederlandstalig persbericht (pdf-versie).

Lees ook het persbericht met vragen en antwoorden op het Rapport over het Europees Handvest voor de mensenrechten en het Voortgangsrapport voor gendergelijkheid (EN). [1]

Presentatie van het "Rapport over het Europees Handvest voor de mensenrechten en het Voortgangsrapport voor gendergelijkheid" door Viviane Reding, Vice-President of the European Commission, EU Justice Commissioner (EN). [2]

Wij kopieerden uit de inleiding van dit (Engelstalige) rapport de belangrijkste bevindingen en de maatregelen die het voorbije jaar werden genomen om gendergelijkheid te bevorderen.

"Although there were still gender gaps in 2013, they have significantly shrunk in recent years:

  • Women’s employment rate stands at 63%, and that of men at 75%. During the financial and economic crisis, women’s participation in the economy and their contribution to family finances have increased, thereby decreasing the gender employment gap. In the meantime, women still bear the brunt of unpaid work within the household and family. Women spend an average of 26 hours on care and household activities, compared with 9 hours for men.
  • Boys are more likely to drop out of school and women outperform men in higher education.
  • Despite their investment in education, women are paid 16% less than men per hour of work. In addition, they are more likely to work part-time and to interrupt their careers to care for others. As a results, the gender gap in pensions stands at 39%. Widows and single parents — mainly mothers — are a particularly vulnerable group, and more than a third of single parents are poor.
  • Moreover, segregation is omnipresent in the labour market: only 16% of employed people work in mixed occupations. Women are still less likely to hold senior positions. They account for an average of 17.8% of the members of boards of directors in the largest publicly-listed companies, 2.8% of the CEOs, 27% of senior government ministers, and 27% of member s of national parliaments.
  • Research and Innovation are no exception – in the last decade the number of women PhD graduates increased faster than that of men. Nevertheless, women are still greatly under-represented in particular at the top level of academic careers; only 20% of top level academics are women and just one out of ten universities in the European Union has a female Rector.
  • The results of the first EU wide survey on violence against women, carried out by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and based on interviewees with 42,000 women show that one in three women (33%) has experienced physical and/or sexual violence since the age of 15. One in 20 women (5%) has been raped.

In light of these figures the EU has taken significant actions in 2013 to accelerate the progress towards genuine equality:

  • In the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy for growth, country-specific recommendations aimed at promoting female employment were addressed to 13 Member States. To support Member States, significant co-funding possibilities will be offered through the 2014-20 European Structural and Investment Funds. In the previous 2007-13 period, an estimated EUR 3.2 billion from the Structural Funds was allocated to invest in childcare facilities and promote women’s participation in the labour market, which had a significant leverage effect. Since 2007, the proportion of children cared for informal childcare facilities significantly increased (from 26% in 2007 to 30% in 2011 for children under three years old, and from 81% to 86% for children between three and compulsory school age 4 ).
  • The European Commission increased its efforts to make equal pay a reality, by raising awareness about the remaining gender pay gap and monitoring the application of legislation on equal treatment of women and men.
  • In 2012, the Commission adopted a proposal for a Directive with an objective of 40% for the under-represented sex among non-executive directors by 2020 and the European Parliament supported its objective and approach in 2013.
  • In 2013, the EU protected women and girls from gender-based violence through legislation, practical measures on victims’ rights and a comprehensive policy package against female-genital mutilation. It also co-funded 14 national governments campaigns against gender-based violence (with EUR 3.7 million), as well as projects led by non-governmental organisations (with EUR 11.4 million).
  • The EU promoted gender equality in international fora, in its development and humanitarian plans and actions, and in its neighbourhood and enlargement policies. The mid-term review of the Strategy for Equality between Women and Men [3], which was published in 2013, complements this report by providing detailed information about how each Commission service and the European External Action Service contribute to the strategy’s implementation and to planned actions. The report illustrates that well-designed policies can accelerate progress and contribute to closing gender gaps, so that gender equality is not a distant dream anymore. Focused actions at EU level, in the form of legislation, recommendations, co-funding possibilities or awareness-raising activities, have contributed to close the gaps."

Lees het volledige Report on Progress on equality between women and men in 2013.

[1] European Commission - MEMO/14/284, 14/04/2014.

[2] European Commission - SPEECH/14/327 14/04/2014.

[3] Mid-term review of the Strategy for Equality between Women and Men, Justice Commission staff working document: SWD(2013) 339 final