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20-22/9: VN-top over de Millennium Ontwikkelingsdoelen (MOD’s)

20-22/9: VN-top over de Millennium Ontwikkelingsdoelen (MOD's)

Van 20 tot 22 september wordt de Algemene Vergadering in New York gewijd aan de Millennium Ontwikkelingsdoelen. Vijf jaar voor 2015 wordt er een stand opgemaakt van de vooruitgang die werd gemaakt en van de nog af te leggen weg. Hieronder vindt u de tekst met betrekking tot vrouwen uit het "Draft Outcome Report", dat tijdens de VN-top van 20-22 september ter bespreking en goedkeuring wordt voorgelegd. Daarnaast vindt u links naar interessante rapporten.

- Doel 3 en Doel 5 uit het "Draft outcome document" voor de VN Algemene Vergadering van 20-22 september.

"Millennium Development Goal 3 Promoting gender equality and empowerment of women
We commit ourselves to accelerating progress to achieve Millennium Development Goal 3, including through:

  • (a) Taking action to achieve the goals of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and its twelve critical areas of concern, our commitments in the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the obligations and commitments of States parties to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child;
  • (b) Ensuring access to education and successful schooling of girls by removing barriers and expanding support for girls’ education through measures such as providing free primary education, a safe environment for schooling and financial assistance such as scholarships and cash transfer programmes, promoting supportive policies to end discrimination against women and girls in education, and tracking completion and attendance rates with a view to retaining girls in schools through secondary levels;
  • (c) Empowering women, in particular women living in poverty, through,inter alia, social and economic policies that guarantee them full and equal access to all levels of quality education and training and vocational training, including technical, managerial and entrepreneurial training, and to affordable and adequate public and social services;
  • (d) Ensuring that women benefit from policy measures to generate full andproductive employment and decent work for all, in accordance with commitmentsby States to International Labour Organization conventions, including policymeasures to promote, inter alia, access of women and girls, including mothers andpregnant women, to formal and non-formal education, equal skills development andemployment opportunities, closing wage gaps between women and men andrecognizing women’s unpaid work, including care work;
  • (e) Investing in infrastructure and labour-saving technologies, especially in rural areas, benefiting women and girls by reducing their burden of domestic activities, affording the opportunity for girls to attend school and women to engage in self-employment or participate in the labour market;
  • (f) Taking action to improve the numbers and active participation of women in all political and economic decision-making processes, including by investing in women’s leadership in local decision-making structures and processes, encouraging appropriate legislative action and creating an even playing field for men and women in political and Government institutions, and intensifying our efforts for the equal participation of women and men as key stakeholders at all levels in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and peace building processes;
  • (g) Strengthening comprehensive national laws and policies and programmes to enhance accountability and raise awareness, prevent and combat all forms of violence against women and girls everywhere, which undermine their full enjoyment of all human rights, and ensure that women have access to justice and protection, and that all perpetrators of such violence are duly investigated, prosecuted and punished in order to end impunity, in conformity with national legislation, international humanitarian law and international human rights law;
  • (h) Improving national-level capacity to monitor and report on progress, gaps and opportunities through better generation and use of sex- and age disaggregated data, including with the support of the international community;
  • (i) Enhancing the impact of development assistance in advancing gender equality and empowerment of women and girls through targeted activities including capacity-building, as well as through gender mainstreaming and enhanced dialogue between donors and partners, involving, as appropriate, civil society and the private sector, with a view to ensuring adequate funding;
  • (j) Facilitating access by women to affordable microfinance, in particular microcredit, which can contribute to poverty eradication, gender equality and the empowerment of women;
  • (k) Promoting and protecting women’s equal access to adequate housing, property and land, including rights to inheritance, and enabling them to secure access to credit through appropriate constitutional, legislative and administrative measures;
  • (l) Promoting women’s economic empowerment and ensuring women’s access to productive resources. In this regard, strengthening gender responsive public management in order to ensure gender equality in resource allocation, capacity development and benefit sharing in all sectors, including in central and local level governments.

Millennium Development Goal 5. Improve maternal health
75. We commit ourselves to accelerating progress in order to achieve Millennium Development Goal 5, including through:

  • (a) Taking steps to realize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, including sexual and reproductive health;
  • (b) Addressing reproductive, maternal and child health, including newborn health, in a comprehensive manner, inter alia, through the provision of family planning, prenatal care, skilled attendance at birth, emergency obstetric and newborn care and methods for the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and infections, such as HIV, within strengthened health systems that provide accessible and affordable integrated health-care services and include community-based preventive and clinical care;
  • (c) Building on effective, multisectoral and integrated approaches, we emphasize the need for the provision of universal access to reproductive health by 2015, including integrating family planning, sexual health and health-care services in national strategies and programmes;
  • (d) Taking action at all levels to address the interlinked root causes of maternal mortality and morbidity, such as poverty, malnutrition, harmful practices, lack of accessible and appropriate health-care services, information and education and gender inequality, and paying particular attention to eliminating all forms of violence against women and girls;
  • (e) Ensuring that all women, men and young people have information about, access to and choice of the widest possible range of safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning;
  • (f) Expanding the provision of comprehensive obstetric care and strengthening the role of skilled health-care providers, including midwives and nurses, through their training and retention in order to fully utilize their potential as trusted providers of maternal health-care services, as well as expanding family planning within local communities and expanding and upgrading formal and informal training in sexual and reproductive health care and family planning for all health-care providers, health educators and managers, including training in interpersonal communications and counselling."

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